Report on flexibility technologies and measures in the German power system

Report written by myself and Corina Bolintineanu “Flexibility Technologies and Measures in the German Power System” was published in January this year. The analysis was published by the German Energy Agency (dena) in the framework of the Sino-German Energy Transition Project led by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) [German Society for International Cooperation] GmbH . The project supports the exchange between Chinese government think tanks and German research institutions to strengthen the Sino-German scientific exchangeon the energy transition and share German energy transition experiences with a Chinese audience.

Here the Executive Summary of the publication:

“Germany’s goal of climate neutrality is just around the corner. In order to reach it by2045, Germany will need to increase its renewable energy production and,alongwith it, its power system flexibility. For the past decades, solutions have been developed and implemented, such as the establishment of market rules that enable competitionbetween flexibility measures, along with a technology-neutral approach that ensures a broad mix of technologies and participants.

On the way to a power system based entirely on renewable energy, conventional power plants, in particular gas power plants, will continue to play a role. Today, coal-and gas-fired power plants are the mostrelevant source of flexibility in Germany. However, the phase-out of coal-fired power plants by 2038at the latest,and of nuclear power by 2022 will lead to an increased use of other flexibility options.Large-scale batteries, which are a fitting solution for providing primary control energy and for industrial applications, and small-scale batteries,which provideuser-related flexibility in private homeswill play an increasingly important role.

Flexibility will continue to be provided by biomass-and biogas-operated andpumped-storage power plants, currentlythe secondmostimportant source of flexibility. In addition, technological development as well as the phase-outof financial and regulatory barriers, particularly the double burden requiring operators to pay consumer fees twice, may trigger the use of power-to-X technologies, which are not yet widely deployedin Germany.

Price signals on the wholesale market are expected to triggerhigherdemand-side flexibility in the industry and small and medium-sized enterprises. Residential demand-side flexibility will play a greaterrole withthe gradual introduction of intelligent measuring systems (smart meters) and other digital technologies.

Last but not least, system operation regulations will need adjustments in order to increase grid flexibility.

The report provides a detailed overview of the main flexibility technologiesand measures in the German power system. While it reflects the status quo, it alsoindicatesneedsfor thedevelopment ofthe power system to reach climate neutrality and providesvaluable input for ongoing policy debates.”

The report is available on the website of the Sino-German Energypartnership as well as on the dena website.

In eigener Sache: Bitte um Unterstützung meiner Petition für die sofortige Öffnung der Schulen in Berlin

Ich fordere den Berliner Senat auf, zu einer Politik zurückzukehren, die das Kindes- und Jugendwohl zur höchsten Priorität hat. Herr Müller und Frau Scheeres:

– Öffnen Sie die Schulen, zumindest solange andere Mittel zu Pandemiebekämpung noch nicht ausgeschöpft wurden, wie z.B. eine Pflicht zum Home-Office, massive Erhöhung der Gehälter im Pflegebereich, eine kurzfristige Umschulung der Pfleger für die Arbeit auf den Intensivstationen, Beseitigung von Fehlanreizen in der Finanzierung der Krankenhäuser (Fallpauschalsystem). Viele Maßnahmen zur Pandemiebekämpfung waren in den letzten Monaten in kurzfristigen Verfahren per Verordnung umsetzbar, die Einführung von neuen Maßnahmen dürfte also schnell und unproblematisch sein.

– Erkennen Sie an, dass sich der reguläre Schulstoff nur unter den Bedingungen eines normalen Schulbetriebs vermitteln lässt, insbesondere angesichts der versäumten Digitalisierung des Unterrichts.

– Erkennen Sie an, dass Bildungsgerechtigkeit unter Bedingungen der Pandemie nicht nur möglich, sondern auch absolut notwendig ist.

Herr Müller und Frau Scheeres: Nehmen Sie Ihre dem Kindes- und Jugendwohl schadende Entscheidung über die erneute Verschiebung der Wiederaufnahme des Schulbetriebs nach den Weihnachtsferien zurück und ermöglichen Sie den Kindern und Jugendlichen einen uneingeschränkten Schulbesuch!

Hier der Link zu meiner Petition: http://chng.it/KDWSN75D8x

Book chapter on wind energy use and landscape debates in Poland and Germany (in German)

My book chapter “Windenergienutzung und Landschaftsdebatten – Erfahrungen aus Polen und Deutschland” [Wind energy use and landscape debates – experiences from Poland and Germany], written together with Antje Otto and Andrzej Ancygier, has been published in the book “Kulturlandschaften in Deutschland und Polen. Akteure und Modi ihrer Konstruktion und Narration” [Cultural landscapes in Germany and Poland. Actors and their construction methods and narratives] (2020, pp. 193-215).

The book has been edited by Olaf Kühne, Thomas Strubel, Robert Traba and Marcin Wiatr and published by Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht Verlage.

How about flattening the curve also on CLIMATE and ENVIRONMENT?

How about flattening the curve also on CLIMATE and ENVIRONMENT? Less fossil fuels, more renewables, more energy efficiency, less cars, less flights, more bikes, more electric public transport, less conventional farming, less meat, more local and organic farming, more organic, regional, seasonal and fresh food, less destruction of green urban spaces, less destruction of environment, less destruction of biodiversity, less waste, less food waste, less plastic, less pullution, less imports and exports, less consumption, less acceleration, more local and sustainable production, more circular economy, more resource efficiency, more sustainable and smart urbanization, more deceleration, better quality of life…

DEA’s and dena’s report on land use planning for renewable energy

In the last couple of months I have been involved in preparing a report on the issue of land use planning for renewable energy. Dena’s colleagues have been working on this report together with colleagues from the Danish Energy Agency (DEA). It was a part of the joint project energy transition expertise for China CNREC. The report was launched yesterday at the China Wind Power Conference. It is titled: “Distributed Wind and PV in Denmark and Germany”.

About the report from its introduction:

This report describes the current regulations in Denmark and Germany for land use and planning and siting of RE facilities, especially distributed onshore wind and free-field PV systems. In the first section, the status of both onshore wind power and PV in both countries is presented. Afterwards, the planning and siting processes as well as the approval processes for onshore wind farms and free-field PV systems are explained. In this context, it is important to note that, while Denmark is ruled by country-level regulation, in Germany the regulations for land use differ across the federal states, which have the power to issue own rules. The most important differences are briefly presented in this report. Afterwards, the public participation processes are discussed. Finally, lessons learned for China based on the Danish and German experiences with planning and siting onshore wind power plants and free-field PV systems are suggested.

You may find the whole report here.